A position paper by Clean Arctic Alliance member Green Transition Denmark on why scrubbers should be banned in territorial seas today.
This publication focuses on air pollution with CO2, SO2, NOx and particles from shipping, technical solutions as well as existing and further regulation and enforcement. The purpose is to inform and inspire decision makers and other stake- holders to implement ambitious regulation to reduce air pollution from shipping to the benefit of the climate, public health and nature. Finally, this publication can be used for teaching.
Beyond Fossil Fuels: The Case for the Arctic Transport & Environment, October 2017 Beyond Fossil Fuels: The Case for the Arctic (pdf)
Drivers of Ban on HFO in the Arctic - The Norwegian Case highlights the drivers behind Norway supporting the decision to phase out heavy fuel oil (HFO) in the Arctic and analyze the drivers from an economic, political and environmental perspective.
As Arctic shipping increases, pressure is mounting to protect the environment from fuels that are harmful when burned and spilled, including heavy fuel oil (HFO). Presently, the IMO is working to develop a ban on HFO in Arctic waters.
Residuals bunker ban in the IMO Arctic waters: Cost implications for Russian trade flows – a case study
The study is complementary to CE Delft’s 2018 assessment of the costs and benefits of a Residuals bunker fuel ban in the IMO Arctic waters and analyses for a Russian trade flow the potential impacts of a ban on the use and carriage of heavy fuel oil
Russia has the longest Arctic coastline and has invested heavily in Arctic ports and infrastructure, so it will come as no surprise that most of the ships operating in the Arctic are Russian-flagged and that these ships use and carry large amounts of fuel, including HFO
The IMO has agreed to start working on the development of a ban on the use and carriage of heavy fuel oil (HFO) as fuel by ships in Arctic waters. Such a ban would not prohibit the carriage of heavy grade oil in bulk as cargo, but would require ships sailing in the Arctic waters to use and carry non-HFO bunker fuels only. This would lead to a reduction of black carbon emissions and reduce costs and damages in case of an oil spill, but also impose additional costs on ship owners/operators that otherwise would have used and/or carried HFO bunkers or blends thereof for on-board combustion purposes.
WWF-Canada is advocating nationally and internationally for the phase out of both the use and carriage for use of heavy fuel oil in the Arctic, without driving up costs for northern and remote communities.
A Report by the Danish Ecological Council This publication focuses on air pollution with CO₂, SO₂, NOx and fine/ultrafine particles from shipping, technical solutions, existing regulation, the need for further regulation and enforcement. The purpose is to inspire decision-makers and other key stakeholders to implement more ambitious regulation as well as enforcement to reduce air pollution from shipping to the benefit of shipping as a business, the climate, public health and nature.